Dresden, Saxon's capital, is best known today for the heavy and extremely controversial bombings it suffered from American and British Forces towards the end of World War II (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Dresden_in_World_War_II). It had long been a cultural center of Northern German. For most of the war, the Allies had not considered Dresden as strategically important and seemed hesitant to destroy it. What caused them to carry out these bombings at war's end is still the subject of much speculation. Estimates of the numbers killed range from 35,000 to 135,000 which included many refugees moving westward to avoid the advancing Red Army.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auerbachs_Keller) which played a key role in Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's novel Faust. And as a final comment, one of Germany's largest monuments, the Volkerslacht Denkmal
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monument_to_the_Battle_of_the_Nations) commemorates Napoleon's 1813 defeat at Leipzig. Approximately 600,000 troops fought in this battle and an estimated 90,000 died in the surrounding fields.
Halle was founded in the 9th Century and is the birthplace of Georg Friedric Händel. Meissen is often called the "Cradle of Saxony" and is famous for its porcelain. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meissen). Moritzburg Castle was built in the 1500s as a hunting lodge (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schloss_Moritzburg).